Sunday, February 24, 2008

Alfred Bernhard Nobel (Part 2)

Alfred in His Final Days

Alfred's health was not in good condition, and it had gone from bad to worse due to the inner crisis in his life. He witnessed with his own eyes that his invention was used for war. A great number of people had lost their lives. He felt very guilty of having invented the explosive. At first he invented the explosive for peaceful and technical purposes, not for military purpose. Since then he had become one of public figures who struggled for international peace.

Alfred passed away on December 10, 1896 in San Remo, Italy. He closed his eyes for good, bringing the feeling of regret in his heart.

Alfred & The Nobel Prizes

The Nobel prizes are very famous in the world. The names of these awards were taken from Nobel's name because it was he who had left a will that his wealth was used to establish international awards. The Nobel prizes are awarded annually in Sweden and Norway. The awardees are not limited to people residing in certain countries. The prizes are given to outstanding and meritorious people who have worked for the good of humanity regardless of their nationality.

The Nobel prizes were awarded for the first time in 1901 for five fields: Physics, Chemistry, Physiology/Medicine, Literature, and Peace. Then in 1969 the Economics Award was also granted. The Peace prize is awarded in Oslo, Norway while the other prizes in Stockholm, Sweden. Those prizes are awarded in December 1o to commemorate the death of Alfred Bernhard Nobel.

(From various sources)

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